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Индексирование

Киртон Д. Д. (Пер. с английского: Панова В. В. ; Научный ред. перевода: Ларионова М. В., Перфильева О. В.)

Модель управления «Группой двадцати»

2013. Т. 8. № 3. С. 5–30 [содержание номера]

Киртон Джон Дж. –профессор,PhD in International Studies,директор Группы по исследованиям «Группы восьми», содиректор Группы по исследованиям «двадцатки» Университета Торонто, M5S 1A1, 100 St. George, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; E-mail: john.kirton@utoronto.ca

Аннотация

В предлагаемой Вашему вниманию статье представлен перевод второй главы книги Дж. Киртона «Управление «двадцатки» в глобализированном мире». Перевод выполнен и публикуется на русском языке с согласия автора.

Автор анализирует феномен «Группы двадцати», привлекая различные теории международных отношений: реализм, либеральный институционализм, политическую экономию Грамши, конструктивизм. Делается вывод о том, что ни одна из этих классических теорий в полной мере не объясняет особый способ управления, реализуемой «Группой двадцати».

В самом начале его функционирования, новый форум «двадцатки» можно было определить через шесть факторов, возникших в условиях многогранной взаимоуязвимости, а именно: серия потрясений; неспособность других международных институтов должным образом на них отреагировать; доминирующее положение участников при наличии относительно равных возможностей внутри группы; подобные характеристики политической открытости; политический контроль, капитал, преемственность, компетентность и обязательства ее участников; контролируемое участие в клубе, как сети с равными возможностями.

В настоящее время объяснить способ управления «Группы двадцати» можно с помощью модели централизованного управления, которая опирается на модель концерта примерно равных по потенциалу держав «Группы восьми» и на концепции теории международных отношений школ реализма, либерального институционализма, политической экономии Грамши, конструктивизма, комплексных адаптивных систем, клубов и сетей.

Особенностью «Группы двадцати» является то, что она представляет собой особый тип клуба, определяемый системной важностью всех его членов в мире, где наличие связей между ними, равно как и их относительные возможности являются центральной характеристикой системы.

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