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William Daldegan 1, Vitoriya de Borba1
  • 1 Federal University of Pelotas, 154 Coronel Alberto Rosa Street, Pelotas, 96010-770, Brazil

The Development Concept in BRICS: An Analysis of Projects Financed by the NDB

2023. Vol. 18. No. 4. P. 7–33 [issue contents]
The article examines the concept of development within the BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa) frameworkand how the New Development Bank (NDB) is used to achieve it. It analyzes BRICS summit documents from 2014 to2022 and financing projects considered by the NDB from 2016 to 2022. The arguments made are as follows: developmenthas been a top priority within BRICS; development is fundamental for economic growth and strengthening infrastructure;development involves a notion of progress closely tied to sustainability and the “green” concept; and the NDB, despite itscommitment to good environmental, social, and governance (ESG) practices, does not ensure them throughout the executionof projects. In the initial years, cooperation among BRICS countries was emphasized as the means to achieve development.The NDB complements this by filling gaps in international financing. Notably, there is a significant number of projects in thetransport infrastructure sector, with leadership from India and China, while the social infrastructure sector is marginalized.There is rapid project appraisal dynamic that does not necessarily translate into project implementation and completion.At the same time, the NDB has attracted interest from new members. As long as the NDB can efficiently attract and lendresources to its members and respond swiftly and responsibly to new challenges in an ever-changing international context,it will be seen as a significant multilateral development bank that promotes South-South cooperation. As a result of BRICScoordination, the success of the NDB contributes to development financing and positively impacts the relevance and resilienceof the grouping in global politics.

The authors thanks Rio Grande do Sul Research Foundation (FAPERGS/ Brazil) for grants No22/2551-0000605-1 that made possible the development of this research

This article was submitted 02.09.2023.
Citation: Daldegan W., Borba V. (2023) The Development Concept in BRICS: An analysis of projects financed by the NDB. International Organisations Research Journal, vol. 18, no 4, pp. 7-33 (in English).
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