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Pavel Levakov1, Vera Barinova 1, Andrey Polbin1
  • 1 RANEPA, 82 Vernadsky Avenue, Moscow, 119571, Russia

Climate Risks and Financial Stability: The Role of Central Banks and Implications for Russia

2023. Vol. 18. No. 1. P. 204–231 [issue contents]

One of the key challenges of modern times is climate change, which is occurring at an unprecedented pace. This phenomenon also affects the financial system through increased risks. In response to rising financial risks, central banks around the world are becoming more involved in climate policy.

Within the framework of this article an analysis based on modern scientific literature is made to evaluate the participation of central banks in preventing climate change and stabilizing the financial system, as well as to assess the effectiveness of their policies. The article identifies potential connections between global warming on the financial system and evaluates this relationship based on the analysis of empirical evidence and mathematical models. In addition, the role of central banks in attracting green investments is estimated. The reaction of central banks to climate change and the destabilization of the financial system in developed and developing countries is considered within the article; in particular, the difference between the instruments used is analyzed. It is concluded that, currently, a more active climate policy is being pursued by the central banks of the developing countries.

Finally, based on the analysis of international practices, recommendations are made for the Central Bank of the Russian Federation, as it is exposed to significant transitional climate risks. The key recommendations include the need to differentiate the value of collateral assets and regulatory requirements for the structure of financial institutions' asset portfolios, depending on the risk of a decrease in their value due to the global community's fight against global warming and climate change.

The study was supported by a grant from the Russian Science Foundation No. 21-18-00126, https://rscf.ru/en/project/21-18-00126/ 

This review was submitted 10.10.2022
Citation: Levakov P., Barinova V., Polbin A. (2023) Climate Risks and Financial Stability: The Role of Central Banks and Implications for Russia. International Organisations Research Journal , vol. 18, no 1, P. (in Russian).
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