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Ksenia Dorokhina1, Andrey Sakharov1
  • 1 RANEPA, 82 (1) Vernadskogo prs., Moscow, 119571, Russia

Transformation and Implementation of Environmental and Climate Provisions in the EU Trade Agreements

2022. Vol. 17. No. 4. P. 95–123 [issue contents]

The European Union (EU) is striving to become a world leader in the field of “green economy.” It promotes its own models, standards, conditions, and related positions on climate and environmental policy in other states. Trade agreements, including provisions on climate and the environment, have become one of the instruments of influence on the policy of partners and economic relations with them in the area of climate protection. The inclusion of these provisions is of economic rather than political importance, especially in terms of eliminating tariff and non-tariff barriers. The EU has developed a chapter on trade and sustainable development, which includes commitments on environmental and climate protection. As part of its implementation, the EU provides financial and technical support to partners. Nevertheless, the content of the chapter largely depends on the position of the partner and the climate policy it pursues, and in some cases – on the administration of the country. Dispute resolution within the framework of the existing mechanism of the chapter “Trade and Sustainable Development” turned out to be difficult, which prompted the EU to include new settlement options, among which the introduction of trade sanctions is an extreme measure. The article on sustainable forest management is also of economic importance for European producers, and the inclusion of references to international environmental agreements contributes to the EU’s plans to reform the World Trade Organization (WTO). The agreements leave out a number of areas of cooperation and require updating as new climate commitments are made, which has been the focus of the EUʼs work in recent years.


Dorokhina K., Sakharov A. (2022) Transformation and Implementation of Environmental and Climate Provisions in the EU Trade Agreements. International Organisations Research Journal, vol. 17, no 4, pp. 95–123 (in Russian).

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