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ISSN (Print) 1996-7845

ISSN (Online) 2542-2081


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Andrew Cooper1
  • 1 University of Waterloo, 200 University Ave West, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada

Reframing the Debate over BRICS Beyond its Conceptual Origins

2022. Vol. 17. No. 2. P. 31–49 [issue contents]
The BRICS have commonly been framed through a strictly economic perspective, with a focus on the growth patterns of the individual members: Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa. Judged in this fashion, the grouping is judged in a negative manner, with a sense of disappointment and frustration. Yet, framing the BRICS in a wider diplomatic context, the image of the BRICS is quite different, with an accent on several features that cast a more positive interpretation.  BRICS VSI highlighted these features in 2016.. And, notwithstanding some unanticipated developments that exaggerated the differences – and tensions – between the members of the BRICS, it is the staying power and pattern of evolution in a creative fashion of the BRICS club that stands out. Although overshadowed by other multilateral institutions, the achievements of the New Development Bank should not be downplayed. Moreover, the BRICS have developed problem (or even crisis) management techniques. As with other informal institutions with club-like attributes, some of these tensions were dealt with by avoiding issues that divided the members. Over time, though, this template has been complemented by more active forms of problem solving relating to internal differences. 

Citation: Cooper Andrew F. (2022) Reframing the Debate over BRICS Beyond its Conceptual Origins, International Organisations Research Journal, vol. 17, no 2, pp. 31-49 (In English).
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