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ISSN (Print) 1996-7845

ISSN (Online) 2542-2081


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National Research University Higher School of Economics
International Organisations Research Journal (IORJ) editors office

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John Kirton1, Brittaney Warren2
  • 1 University of Toronto, 100, St. George, Ontario, Toronto, Canada, M5S 1A1
  • 2 University of Toronto, Devonshire Place, 1, Room 308N, Ontario, Toronto, Canada, M5S 3K7

Governing Climate Change at the G20 Rome and UN Glasgow Summits and Beyond

2022. Vol. 17. No. 2. P. [issue contents]

How and why does the Group of 20 (G20) work, both alone and together with the United Nations (UN), to advance the effective global governance of climate change, especially in 2021 and beyond? G20 summit performance on climate change has increased since 2008 as measured by the six major dimensions of governance, but not by the results in net emissions reduced. G20 efforts to spur performance at subsequent UN climate summits has varied, from substantial at G20 Pittsburgh for UN Copenhagen in 2009, to limited at G20 Antalya for UN Paris in 2015, and to strong at G20 Rome for UN Glasgow in 2021. G20 efforts have been spurred by the physical climate shock-activated vulnerabilities experienced by G20 members in the lead-up to G20 and UN summits, especially from escalating extreme weather events, but have been constrained by diversionary shocks from finance in 2008–09, terrorism and migration in 2015, and COVID-19 in 2020–21. Also important were the personal commitments of, and domestic political support within, G20 and UN summit hosts, especially regarding the G20 and UN summits uniquely chaired by Group of 7 (G7) members Italy and the United Kingdom in 2021. Yet, the unprecedented combined G20-UN supply of global climate governance in 2021 fell even further behind the proliferating global demand to control climate change. To close the gap, the G20 should invite the heads of the major multilateral environmental organizations to participate in G20 summits, hold more environment ministers’ meetings each year, and mount an annual climate-focused summit at the UN General Assembly.

Citation: Kirton J., Warren B. (2022) Governing Climate Change at the G20 Rome and UN Glasgow Summits and Beyond, International Organisations Research Journal. Vol. 17, No 2. P. (in English).
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