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ISSN (Print) 1996-7845

ISSN (Online) 2542-2081


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Alexey Gusev, Kristina Kashfullina, Konstantin Nasonov

The Reform of Higher Education in China and the Republic of Korea: Application of International Practices for Modernization

2014. Vol. 9. No. 1. P. 124–149 [issue contents]

Alexey Gusev – PhD, director for public sector programs at Moscow School of Management Skolkovo, expert in the fields of sociology of education and universities’ strategic development; 100, Novaya ul., 143025, Skolkovo village, Odintsovsky District, Moscow Region, Russian Federation. E-mail: alexey_gusev@skolkovo.ru.

Kristina Kashfullina – specialist in modern history of Korean peninsula, research associate at League of Creative Minds, California, USA; 700 Airport Blvd, 94010, Burlingame, CA, USA; E-mail: Kristina.kashfullina@gmail.com.

Konstantin Nasonov – manager for executive programs development, expert in the field of strategic management and organizational behavior at Moscow School of Management Skolkovo; 100, Novaya ul., 143025, Skolkovo village, Odintsovsky District, Moscow Region, Russian Federation; E-mail: Konstantin_nasonov@skolkovo.ru.

This paper explores the history of higher education reforms in China and South Korea. The East Asian educational systems achievements are noted by many specialists and displayed in various quantitative parameters and rankings. The road that the East Asian universities passed during the last decades is very impressive. That’s the reason why these particular countries – China and South Korea were selected as examples of successful modernization. In the analysis of educational transformations within the broader socio-economic context the authors introduce the notion of “consistency of reforms”. This term illustrates the degree to which different governmental initiatives match each other, alignment of different elements of social policy. The paper is structure in three parts. The first section examines the experience of China and South Korea through the lens of federal-level regulations (macro-level). National historical conditions, with a focusing on the education systems structure and formats, which preceded the “globalization breakthrough” are described in details. The section explores the sequence of the governments’ decisions which led to the current flexibility, openness and competitiveness of the Chinese and Korean higher education. The second section analyzes the same countries’ experience at the micro-level: the curriculum and the strategic management of universities modernization. The organizational behavior and faculty relations are also in the focus of second section analysis. In conclusion the authors make an assumption that one of the key success factors of the Chinese and Korean universities modernization was the “consistency of reforms”. A number of policy-related patterns are structured into a comparative table as evidence to this thesis.  

Citation: Gusev A, Kashfullina K, Nasonov K. (2014) The Reform of Higher Education in China and the Republic of Korea: Application of International Practices for Modernization. International Organisations Research Journal, vol.9, no 1, pp. 124-149 (in Russian).
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