ISSN (Print) 1996-7845

ISSN (Online) 2542-2081


Postal address:  11 Pokrovsky Boulevard, Moscow, Russia, 109028
National Research University Higher School of Economics
International Organisations Research Journal (IORJ) editors office

Actual addressOffice 308, 33, Profsoyuznaya street, bld. 4, Moscow, 117418

Tel.+7 495 772-95-90 ext. 23150 

E-mail: iorj@hse.ru

Indexed in 




Tatiana Romanova

WTO in Contemporary EU – Russia Relations

2013. Vol. 8. No. 4. P. 180–195 [issue contents]

Romanova Tatiana– PhD in Political Studies, Associate professor of the School of International Relations of St. Petersburg State University, 7-9, Universitetskaya Embankment, St. Petersburg, Russia; E-mail: romanova@mail.sir.edu


The presented article provides an analysis of EU-Russian relations in the framework of Russia’s accession to the WTO. The author looks at current Russian and EC documents to conduct this analysis.

The WTO has already become an integral part of EU-Russian relations. However, long-term, strategic consequences of Russia’s accession to the WTO for the dialogue between Moscow and Brussels have not been sufficiently assessed. Thematic and institutional aspects are to be considered. Thematically the WTO is an organization, which maintains a trade and economic regime, i.e. a specific set of rules. It thus clarifies possible goals of EU-Russian cooperation, leaving Brussels and Moscow with the choice of very clearly defined schemes like a free trade area or a custom union. Besides, Russian participation in the WTO allows solving the problem of inequality in the process of legal approximation between Moscow and Brussels. The first institutional aspect to be mentioned is the quasi-judicial body, which the EU and Russia acquired through the WTO. Moreover, the WTO also creates new possibilities for strengthening intergovernmental relations between Russia and the EU. Both aspects facilitate depoliticisation of EU-Russian economic relations.

The author demonstrates that Russia’s accession to the WTO is beneficial both for Russia and EC.


Checkel J.T. (1997) International Norms and Domestic Politics: Bridging the Rationalist-Constructivist Divide. European Journal of International Relations, vol. 3, pp. 473-495.

Court of Justice of the European Union (2011) Opinion delivered pursuant to Article 218(11) TFEU – Draft agreement – Creation of a unified patent litigation system – European and Community Patents Court – Compatibility of the draft agreement with the Treaties, no 1/09. 08. 03.2011. Available at: http://www.ipeg.eu/wp-content/uploads/Opinion-of-the-European-Court-of-Justice-on-EU-Patent-March-8-2011_C1_09EN.pdf (accessed 31 August 2013).

Court of Justice of the European Union (2005) Igor Simutenkov v Ministerio de Educación y Cultura and Real Federación Española de Fútbol. Reference for a preliminary ruling: Audiencia Nacional - Spain. Judgement. Case C-265/03. 12.04.2005. Available at: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:62003J0265:EN:NOT (accessed 31 August 2013).

European Commission (2012) Russia. Available at: http://ec.europa.eu/trade/policy/countries-and-regions/countries/russia/ (accessed 31 August 2013)

Emerson M. (2005) EU-Russia Four Common Spaces and the Proliferation of the Fuzzy. CEPS Policy Brief, no 71.

Finnemore M. (1996) National Interests in International Society. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.

Haas E. (1980) Why Collaborate? Issue Linkage and International Regimes. World Politics, vol. 32, no 2, pp. 357-405.

Interfax (2012) Lavrov ne sovetuet speshit' s sozdaniem zony svobodnoj torgovli s ES. [Lavrov does not advise to hurry towards establishing a free trade zone with EU], 8 October. Available at: www.interfax.ru/russia/news.asp?id=269737 (accessed 31 August 2013).

Keohane R.O. (1982) The Demand for International Regimes. International Organization, vol. 36, pp. 325-355.

Keohane R.O., Nye J.S. (1987) Power and Interdependence Revisited. International Organization, vol. 41, pp. 725-753.

Keohane R.O., Nye J.S. (1974) Transgovernmental Relations and International Organizations. World Politics, vol. 27, pp. 39-62.

Krasner S.D. (1982) Structural Causes and Regime Consequences. International Organization,vol. 36, no 2, pp. 185-205.

MID (2013) Koncepcija vneshnej politiki Rossijskoj Federacii [Concept of the Foreign Policy of the Russian Federation], 19 February. Available at: www.mid.ru/brics.nsf/WEBNovstart/C325786100462DFEC3257B170005E1DC (accessed 31 August 2013).

MID (2006) Rossija i Evropejskij sojuz. [Russia and European Union], Moscow: Spravka.

MID (2005a) Dorozhnaja karta po obshhemu jekonomicheskomu prostranstvu [Road map for the Common Economic Space], 10 May, Moscow. Available at: http://www.mid.ru/ns-dos.nsf/162979df2beb9880432569e70041fd1e/042000c0cd9e8002c3256ffe002ae3a8? OpenDocument (accessed 31 August 2013).

MID (2005b) Dorozhnaja karta po obshhemu prostranstvu svobody, bezopasnosti i pravosudija [EU-Russia Road map on the Common Space of Freedom, Security and Justice], 10 May, Moscow. Available at: http://www.mid.ru/ns-dos.nsf/162979df2beb9880432569e70041fd1e/ 432569d800223f34c3256ffe002b7c0e?OpenDocument (accessed 31 August 2013).

MID (2005с) Dorozhnaja karta po obshhemu prostranstvu vneshnej bezopasnosti [EU-Russia Road Map on the Common Space of External Security], 10 May, Moscow. Available at: http://www.mid.ru/ns-dos.nsf/162979df2beb9880432569e70041fd1e/432569d800223f34c3256ffe002b1fe5? OpenDocument (accessed 31 August 2013).

MID (2005d) Dorozhnaja karta po obshhemu prostranstvu nauki i obrazovanija, vkljuchaja kul'turnye aspekty [EU-Russia Road Map on the Common Space of Research and Education, including Cultural Aspects], 10 May, Moscow. Available at: http://www.mid.ru/ns-dos.nsf/162979df2beb9880432569e70041fd1e/ 432569d800223f34c3256ffe002a7865?OpenDocument (accessed 31 August 2013).

MID (1994) Soglashenie o partnerstve i sotrudnichestve, uchrezhdajushhee partnerstvo mezhdu Rossijskoj Federaciej, s odnoj storony, i Evropejskimi soobshhestvami i ih gosudarstvami-chlenami, s drugoj storony, [Russia-EU The Partneship and Cooperation Agreement], Korfu. Available at: http://www.delrus.ec.europa.eu/ru/p_330.htm (accessed 31 August 2013).

Moskovskij komsomolec (2012) Esli na nary - to v horoshej kompanii [Choose good companionship if you go to jail]. Available at: www.mk.ru/politics/article/2012/06/04/711211-esli-na-naryi-to-v-horoshey-kompanii.html (accessed 31 August 2013).

Puchala D.J., Hopkins R.F. (1982) International Regimes: Lessons from Inductive Analysis. International Organization, vol. 36, pp. 245-275.

Raustiala K. (2002) The Architecture of International Cooperation: Transgovernmental Networks and the Future of International Law. Virginia Journal of International Law, vol. 43, no 1, Fall, pp. 1-92.

Ruggie J.G. (1975) International Responses to Technology: Concepts and Trends. International Organization,vol. 34, pp. 557-83.

Ruggie J.G. (1982) International Regimes, Transactions, and Change: Embedded Liberalism in the Postwar Economic Order. International Organization, vol. 36, pp. 379-415.

Slaughter A.-M. (2004) A New World Order, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Stein A.A. (1982) Coordination and Collaboration: Regimes in an Anarchic World. International Organization, vol. 36, pp. 299-324.

Vedomosti (2013) Rossija gotovit otvetnye pretenzii k Evrosojuzu v VTO [Russia prepares responsive pre-arbitration notices to the WTO], 23 August. Available at: http://www.vedomosti.ru/politics/print/2013/08/23/15511261 (accessed 31 August 2013).

Vedomosti (2012) Onishenko: Rossija prishla v VTO diktovat' svoju volju, a ne byt' ispolnitelem [Onishenko: Russia joined the WTO to impose its will but not to be a maker], 5 December. Available at: http://www.vedomosti.ru/politics/print/2012/12/05/6858321 (accessed 07 December 2012).

Vysshij arbitrazhnyj Sud Rossii (2012) Reshenie "O priznanii chastichno nedejstvujushhim punkta 1.16.3 Perechnja juridicheski znachimyh dejstvij". №VAS-308/12. [Russia Supreme Commercial Court. Judgement “Partially Invalidate the Point 1.16.3 of the Legally Binding Arrangements List. No CFA-308/12], 11 April. Available at: www.garant.ru/products/ipo/prime/doc/70067878/ (accessed 31 August 2013).

Young O.R. (1982) Regime Dynamics: the Rise and Fall of International Regimes. International Organization, vol. 36, pp. 277-297.

Citation: (2013) Faktor VTO v sovremennykh otnosheniiakh Rossii i Evropeiskogo soiuza [WTO in Contemporary EU – Russia Relations] INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATIONS RESEARCH JOURNAL, 4 (in Russian)
Rambler's Top100 rss