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John Kirton1, Julia Kulik
  • 1 University of Toronto, 100, St. George, Ontario, Toronto, Canada, M5S 1A1

A Summit of Significant Success: G8 Governance at Camp David in May 2012

2012. Vol. 7. No. 3. P. 7–24 [issue contents]

On May 18-19, 2012, at the presidential retreat in Camp David inMaryland,U.S.president Barack Obama hosted the 38th annual G8 summit. The leaders discussed global economic growth, development, and peace and security. After less than 24 hours of face-to-face time among the leaders, they issued communiqué of only five pages. However,Camp Davidwas a significant success. The leaders came together to effectively address the most pressing issues of the day while setting the direction for the summits that were to follow, including the summit of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization in Chicago, the G20 in Los Cabos, Mexico, and the Rio+20 Summit in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. That success was propelled by several causes. The first is the set of strong global shocks were particularly relevant to a number of items on the agenda. This included the newest installment of the euro-crisis, spikes in oil and food prices, and the escalating violence inSyria. The second is the failure of the other major international institutions to address these challenges. The third is the club’s dedication to the promotion of democracy and its significance on issues such as the democratic transition in the Middle East andNorth Africa. The fourth is the high relative capabilities of G8 members, fuelled by the strength of the U.S. dollar, the Japanese yen and the British pound. The fifth is the domestic political control, capital, continuity, competence and commitment of the leaders in attendance.Camp Davidsaw several G8 leaders returning for their sixth or seventh summit and leaders with a secure majority mandate and control of their legislative houses at home. Finally, the constricted participation at the remote and secluded Camp David Summit, a unique and original advantage of the G8 summit style, allowed for more spontaneous conversation and interpersonal bonds. Together, these interconnected causes brought the G8 back, as a broader, bigger, bolder centre of effective global governance.

Citation: Kirton John J, Kulik Julia (2012) Sammit znachitel'nykh uspekhov: Rezul'taty sammita «Gruppy vos'mi» v Kemp-Devide v mae 2012 goda [A Summit of Significant Success: G8 Governance at Camp David in May 2012 ] INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATIONS RESEARCH JOURNAL, 3, pp. 7-24 (in Russian)
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